Publication Ethics

  1. Authorship and Originality: Authors must submit original research that has not been published elsewhere. All authors should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Proper acknowledgment should be given to all contributors.
  2. Plagiarism: Plagiarism in any form is unacceptable. Authors must ensure that their work is entirely their own and properly cite sources when referring to others' work. Any borrowed material, including text, figures, or data, must be appropriately attributed.
  3. Data Integrity: Authors should present their research findings accurately and honestly. Data manipulation or fabrication is strictly prohibited. Raw data should be retained and made available for review if necessary.
  4. Conflict of Interest: Authors must disclose any potential conflicts of interest that could influence their research or its interpretation. This includes financial conflicts, affiliations, or personal relationships that could bias their work.
  5. Ethical Treatment of Participants: Research involving human subjects or animals must comply with ethical standards and receive approval from the appropriate institutional review boards. Informed consent should be obtained from participants, and their privacy and confidentiality should be protected.
  6. Peer Review Process: Editors should ensure a fair and unbiased peer review process. Reviewers should provide constructive feedback and refrain from personal criticism. Confidentiality should be maintained throughout the review process.
  7. Publication Decisions: Editors should base their decisions on the scientific merit, originality, and relevance of the research. Manuscripts should be evaluated without bias, regardless of the authors' identity, affiliations, or other irrelevant factors.
  8. Corrections and Retractions: Errors discovered after publication should be corrected promptly and transparently. In cases of serious misconduct or ethical concerns, retractions may be necessary, accompanied by a clear explanation of the reasons for the retraction.
  9. Editorial Independence: Editors should maintain editorial independence and avoid any conflicts of interest that could compromise their decision-making process. They should also be transparent about any editorial policies or practices that may influence their decisions.
  10. Copyright and Licensing: Authors should retain copyright to their work and grant the journal the right to publish it. The journal should provide clear information about licensing terms and ensure that authors understand their rights and responsibilities regarding copyright.