Plagiarism Policy

  1. Definition of Plagiarism: Plagiarism is the act of presenting someone else's work, ideas, or words as one's own without proper attribution. This includes, but is not limited to, copying text, figures, tables, or data from another source without citation, paraphrasing without acknowledgment, and self-plagiarism (reusing one's own previously published work without proper citation).
  2. Originality of Submission: Authors must ensure that all submitted manuscripts are original and have not been published previously in whole or in part, nor are they under consideration for publication elsewhere. Any previously published work or substantial overlap with another work must be disclosed at the time of submission.
  3. Proper Citation and Attribution: Authors should properly cite and attribute all sources used in their work, including text, figures, tables, and data. Direct quotations must be clearly indicated with quotation marks and accompanied by appropriate citation. Paraphrased content must also be properly attributed.
  4. Use of Citation and References: Authors should use citations and references to acknowledge the contributions of others to their research and to provide readers with the necessary context and background information. All sources cited should be listed in the reference list, and vice versa.
  5. Plagiarism Detection: The journal employs plagiarism detection software to screen all submitted manuscripts for potential plagiarism before they are sent for peer review. Authors may also be asked to provide raw data or original sources to verify the authenticity of their work if plagiarism is suspected.
  6. Consequences of Plagiarism: If plagiarism or any form of academic misconduct is detected in a submitted manuscript, appropriate actions will be taken, which may include rejection of the manuscript, notification of the author's institution or funding agencies, and prohibition of future submissions to the journal. In cases of serious misconduct, legal action may be pursued.
  7. Author Responsibility: Authors are solely responsible for the content of their submissions and must ensure that their work complies with ethical standards and copyright laws. By submitting a manuscript to the "Pakistan Journal of Medical & Cardiological Review," authors affirm that their work is original and has not been plagiarized.
  8. Editorial Review: Editors and reviewers are also vigilant in detecting potential plagiarism during the peer review process. Any concerns regarding plagiarism or academic misconduct will be thoroughly investigated, and appropriate actions will be taken in accordance with the journal's policies.