Update on Pharmacological Therapies for Heart Failure: A Systematic Review


  • Prof. Usman Ahmed Department of Cardiology, Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi Author


Heart failure (HF) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite advancements in pharmacological therapies, the management of HF continues to pose challenges. This systematic review aims to provide an update on the latest pharmacological therapies for HF, including their mechanisms of action, efficacy, and safety profiles. A comprehensive search of electronic databases was conducted to identify relevant studies published up to [insert date]. The review synthesizes evidence on conventional and emerging pharmacotherapies, highlighting recent clinical trials and guideline recommendations. The findings underscore the importance of individualized treatment strategies tailored to patient characteristics and disease severity in optimizing outcomes for HF patients.

Keywords: Heart failure, Pharmacological therapies, Systematic review, Treatment, Clinical trials.